Literacy : la definizione del dominio, o campo degli argomenti trattati. 


Literacy: gli elementi fondamentali.

PIAAC defines literacy as understanding, evaluating, using and engaging with written texts to participate in society, to achieve one’s goals, and to develop one’s knowledge and potential.
The key elements of this definition are developed below.

Literacy: testo scritto.

Written text
PIAAC is an assessment of adults’ use and understanding of written text. Written text is text (including visual displays, such as graphs) presented in a graphic form accessible in a variety of media (including material printed on paper as well as text displayed on a screen, such as that of a computer, a PDA , an ATM , a BlackBerry® or an iPhone).

Literacy: comprensione.

A basic task for a reader is to construct meaning from a text. This can range from understanding the meaning of individual words to comprehending the underlying theme of a lengthy argument or narrative.

Literacy: valutazione.

Adult reading involves making judgments about texts. These include questions such as the appropriateness of the text for the task at hand, the credibility of the content and, in some cases, the quality of a text, both as an aesthetic object and as a means of acquiring information. In the case of electronic texts, the issue of their credibility and authenticity is particularly important. Electronic texts can be accessed from a range of sources, the identity and credentials of which are not always clear.

Literacy: uso e impegno.

Much adult reading is purposive, i.e. directed towards applying information and ideas in a text to address an immediate task or goal or to reinforce or change beliefs.

Engaging with
Adults differ in how engaged they are with texts and the role reading plays in their lives. Studies have found that engagement with reading (i.e. attitudes towards reading and reading practices) is closely correlated with proficiency.

Literacy: partecipare.

Participate in society, achieve one’s goals, and develop one’s knowledge and potential

Reading plays an important role in participating in society, in fulfilling personal aspirations and in continuing learning. It provides the foundation for full and active engagement in many aspects of social life. For example, literacy skills are essential at work and for effectively negotiating complex bureaucracies, accessing services and making informed political decisions.